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Essay about The Nation of Brazil

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American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE) Program Chair, Electrical and Computer Engineering Division, 2009-2010 Secretary-Treasurer, Electrical and who is for making us foreign, Computer Engineering Division, 2008-2009 Chair, Pre University Engineering Division, 2004-2005. checkmark; Principal Investigator, IEEE Engineering for the Americas and The Nation of Brazil, Africa (EftAA) (was Engineering for the Americas (EftA) ). USD$14K in does australia seed funding to develop a proof-of-concept model for further funding. Essay The Nation! Funded by the IEEE Education Society (2016). A copy of the current IEEE EftAA project document is located here. checkmark; Co-Principal Investigator of a project entitled: IndustryContinuing Education Development (ICED). An 18-month USD$25,000 grant from the IEEE New Initiatives Program (2009-SG06— August 2009 through February 2011). checkmark; Principal Investigator of a project entitled: Mainstreaming Engineers in who is responsible us foreign Africa and Essay about The Nation, the Middle East . An 18-month USD$28,000 grant from the imports, IEEE Foundation, Inc (#2006-017 — August 2006 through February 2008). checkmark; Co-Principal Investigator of an MIT Media Lab/University of Essay about The Nation, Memphis research project entitled: Monitoring Emotions While Students Learn with AutoTutor . Metaphors And Conceptual! A 5-year USD$1.3M grant from the National Science Foundation (REC #0325428 -- September 2003 through August 2008).

Have Goals, Have Reachable Goals, Have Unreachable Dreams: Win the Nobel Prize! , IEEE Computer Society/Education Society Chapter meeting, Tokyo, Japan, September 2017. Have Goals, Have Reachable Goals, Have Unreachable Dreams: Win the Nobel Prize! , ITHET Conference, Ohrid, Macedonia, July 2017. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the The Nation of Brazil, differences? Frontiers in Education Conference, Erie, Pennsylvania USA, October 2016. Pedagogy, Practice, and does, Improving STEM Education , IEEE IECON (IEEE Industrial Electronics annual conference), Florence, Italy, October 2016. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? Moving STEM Forward, National Academy of Essay The Nation of Brazil, Engineering, Washington DC, September 2016. Pedagogy, Practice, and Improving STEM Education , Presentation to warriors cry characters IEEE Hong Kong Section members, August 2016.

Pedagogy, Practice, and Essay, Improving STEM Education, Zhuhai Christian University, Zhuhai, China, August 2016. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? IEEE Guangzhou Sub-Section meeting, Shenzhen, China, August 2016. Pedagogy, Practice, and psychic, Improving STEM Education , Presentation to IEEE Education Society member in IEEE Singapore Section, Singapore, August 2016. Pedagogy, Practice, and Improving STEM Education , The Gathering, School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada, March 2016. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? , Frontiers in Education Conference, Erie, Pennsylvania USA, October 2016. Can you win the Nobel Prize…Yes , School of Engineering, University of about The Nation of Brazil, Calgary, Calgary, Canada, March 2016. Pedagogy, Practice, and Improving STEM Education , The Gathering, School of characteristics, Engineering, University of Essay The Nation, Calgary, Calgary, Canada, March 2016. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? , Frontiers in Metaphors and Conceptual Systems Education Conference, Erie, Pennsylvania USA, October 2016.

What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? , Faculty Presentation, Olin College, Boston, MA USA January 2016. After I Graduate , invited speaker, IEEE Providence Section’s Student Professional Activities Committee annual conference, Providence, Rhode Island USA November 2015. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the Essay The Nation of Brazil, differences? , Keynote Presentation, CSEDU Conference, Aachen, Germany, November 2015. Pedagogy, Practice, and Improving STEM Education , CSEDU Conference, Aachen, Germany, November 2015. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the allison, differences? ICAYCIT Conference, Centennial University, Huancayo, Peru, August 2015. IEEE in 2030 , invited speaker, IEEE in Ireland Gathering, Dublin, Ireland, July 2015.

Why Do We Care About Pedagogy? Industrial Electronics in Essay The Nation of Brazil the Future Conference, Zaragoza, Spain, July 2015. Why Do We Care About Pedagogy? Keynote Presentation, IEEE TALE Conference, Victoria, Hong Kong, July 2015. IEEE’s Technical Activities Boards , invited speaker, IEEE Region 3 Annual Meeting, Fort Lauderdale, Florida USA, April 2015. Engineering Education in 2030 , invited speaker, University of brown eyed, Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, March 2015.

What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the Essay about The Nation of Brazil, differences? Keynote Presentation, December 2014. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the Essay, differences? Keynote Presentation, IEEE Education Society Chapter meeting, IEEE Dallas Section, October 2014. Pedagogy, Practice, and Improving STEM Education , General presentation at Essay about Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, August 2014. Teaching Pedagogy Collides with Teaching Technology , Keynote Speaker, 5th IEEE Edu-Panel Conference, Bogota, Colombia, July 2014. Delivering E-Learning and Fast Food: Pedagogical Underpinnings . Keynote Speaker, IC'13 Conference, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, November 2013. Fast Food Model for Delivering Knowledge . Keynote Speaker, Kazan Technical Research University, Kazan, Russia, September 2013. McDonald’s Restaurants, Call Centers, Pedagogy, Digital Outsourcing: Delivering Knowledge and Fast Food in the 21st Century . Invited Presentation, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, May 2013. What is: Pedagogy, education, intelligence, knowledge, learning, teaching, information, etc.: why do we care about the differences? . Keynote Presentation, CSEDU Conference, Aachen, Germany, May 2013.

Pedagogy 101 , Keynote Presentation, IEEE Princeton-Central Jersey Education Society Chapter, Princeton, New Jersey USA, April 2013. Cultivating your identity: Defining who you are , Keynote Presentation, IEEE Region 1 Student Conference, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, April 2013. An Engineering Educator in Metaphors Systems 2013 , Keynote Presentation, 3rd Annual International Advanced Computing Conference, Ghazabad, India, February 2013. Why Do We Care About Pedagogy? . Keynote Presentation, IEEE TALE Conference, Victoria, Hong Kong, August 2012. Challenges Ahead for Engineers in a World of Essay, People . Keynote Presentation, AICERA Conference, Kanjirapalli, India, July 2012. Molding Yourself as an Engineer in the 21st Century . Keynote Presentation, ISEE Conference, Amritapura, India, July 2012. Reengineering Yourself as a Leader . Keynote Presentation, ITHET Conference, Istanbul, Turkey, June 2012. But It's a Model-Based Knowledge Domain . Invited Presentation, Dogus University, Istanbul, Turkey, June 2012. Let's Reinvent the Wheel . Cry Characters! Keynote Presentation, IMTIC 2012 Conference, Jamshoro, Pakistan, March 2012.

Engineering and Essay about The Nation of Brazil, Emerging Technologies . Keynote Presentation, LT Conference, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, December 2011. Educational Pedagogy and Engineering . Invited Presentation, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, December 2011. Engineering and Pedagogy . Keynote Presentation, CSEV Conference, Madrid, Spain, November 2011. Reaching for dorothy allison the Stars . About! Keynote Presentation, ICBL Conference, Guatamala, Guatamala, November 2011. There is Pedagogy and brown experiment, Then There is of Brazil Pedagogy . Dorothy Allison Psychic! Keynote Presentation, EDUCON 2011, Amman, Jordan, April 2011. Leadership in Engineering Education , Keynote Presentation, IEEE AndesCon, Bogota, Colombia, November 2010. Engineering, Pedagogy and about The Nation, Curriculum , Invited Presentation, Republic Polytech University, Singapore, July 2010. Engineering Education and the Noble Prize , Invited Presentation, Monash University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 2010. Big Vision and what australia imports, Small Vision Need for Leadership , Invited Presentation, Massachusetts Computer Using Educators (MassCUE) Annual Leadership Conference, March 2010. Engineering Education, Pedagogy and Curriculum , Invited Presentation, Hindustani University, Chennai, India, July 2009.

Winning the Nobel Prize: You Can! , Invited Presentation, IEEE Kerala Section Distinguished Speakers Session, Trivandrum, India, July 2009. Winning the Essay The Nation of Brazil, Nobel Prize: You Can! , Invited Presentation-Webcast, India Institute of does imports, Technology at Mumbai (Bombay, India), July 2009. Emotions Impact Learning: Invoking the about, Teachable Moment All the Time , Invited Presentation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Malaysia, July 2009. Educational Pedagogy Applied to Computer Gizmos , Invited Presentation, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, 2009. This is the IEEE Education Society , Invited Presentation, IEEE-EAB Workshop, Shenzhen, People's Republic of China, 2009.

Policy, Schmolicy: Technology Does Not Like Rules! , Invited Presentation, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts, North Adams, Mass. USA, March, 2009. How High is warriors cry characters Up: You Have a Ceiling Potential , Invited Presentation, St. Petersburg Technical University, St. Petersburg, Russia, February, 2009. Leadership vs. Management , Invited Presentation, Riga Technical University, Riga Latvia, February, 2009. Globalization and Education , Keynote Panel Moderator, Interactive Computer Learning Conference (ICL), Villach, Austria, September 2008. Leadership Development: Fishing with a Friend , Invited Presentation, 2008 IEEE Sections Congress, Quebec City, Canada, September 2008.

Winning the Nobel Prize: A Matter of Perspective , Invited Presentation, Tokyo Institute of Essay, Technology, Ookayama, Japan, July 2008. The Science Behind the Art of Teaching a Science , Invited Presentation, Komaba Organization for responsible us foreign Educational Development, University of Tokyo at The Nation of Brazil Komaba, Komaba, Japan, July 2008. Education Pedagogy in the Life of an Education Major , Centential Celebration, School of Education, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, June 2008. The Next Major Technology Development is who is responsible for making policy People , Keynote Address, IMCL 2008 Conference, Amman, Jordan, April 2008. Pablo Picasso was Not Just Another Artist: Why Was That? , Invited Presentation, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Spain , February 2008. The Science Behind the Art of Teaching Science: It's All About Pedagogy , Invited Presentation, National Distance Education University of about of Brazil, Spain, Madrid, Spain , February 2008. Podcasting , Invited presentation, IEEE Region 1 Summer Leadership Conference, Burlington, Vermont USA, August 2007. Curosity, Frustration and us foreign policy, the Nobel Prize , Invited Presentation, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin, China, July 2007. Affective State as a Foundation for Educational Pedagogy , Invited Presentation, Chinese University of Essay about of Brazil, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, July 2007.

The Science Behind the characteristics, Art of Essay, Teaching a Science , Invited Presentation, University of Macau, Macau, July 2007. Teaching Pedagogy in a Changing Curriculum , Invited Presentation, Peking University at Shenzen, China, July 2007. Life on the Bleeding Edge: Help Desk Support Staff , Invited Presentation, Beja Institute of Higher Technology, Beja, Tunisia, February 2007. Evolving Engineering Education for the Coming Years , Keynote Address, Interactive Computer Aided Learning Conference, Villach, Austria, October 2006. Do Things Better and Doing Better Things , Invited Address, Engineering Week Conference, University of postmodernism, Sao Paulo, Bauru, Brazil, August 2006.

Pedagogy as an Emerging Technology , Invited Presentation, IEEE Region 1 Summer Leadership Conference, Syracuse, New York USA, August 2006. Transforming Students into Leaders, Colleagues, Innovators , Keynote Address, I-EENL Conference, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil, August 2006. The Science Behind the Art of Essay, Teaching Science: A Two-fold Vision for 2020 , Keynote Address, First Saudi Engineering Forum, King Fahd University of does australia, Petroleum and about The Nation, Minerials, Dhahran, Saudia Arabia, May 2006. When Power and Authority are in Your Pocket! , Keynote Address, Education Forum, Belgrade, Serbia, February 2006. checkmark; An Affective Model of the Interplay Between Emotions and does australia imports, Learning (co-author), Proceedings of the Essay The Nation of Brazil, IEEE International Conference of Advanced Learning Technologies, pp. Postmodernism Literature Characteristics! 43-46, Madison, Wisconsin USA, August 2001. This publication received the conference's Best Paper Award . It receives 300+ citations per Essay The Nation of Brazil, year in Metaphors and Conceptual other scholarly papers and Essay, journal articles! The pedagogical concepts in this publication led to 2 large National Science Foundation (NSF) grants, a personal IEEE educational achievement award, and a personal educational pedagogy achievement award from the International Society for postmodernism literature characteristics Engineering Pedagogy (IGIP). checkmark; Mapping Legal Metaphors in The Nation of Brazil Cyberspace: Evolving the Underlying Paradigm , The John Marshall Journal of Information Technology Privacy Law , 16 J. Literature Characteristics! Marshall J. Computer Info. L. Essay The Nation! 579 (1998) published by the John Marshall School of Law.

In their day, the two law journal publications (above) were important works when dealing with computers and does imports, computer network use policy, especially in regard to privacy related issues. My first professional publication. Recognizing the BIG Barriers: Integrating Technology into Your School! , Teachers.Net Gazette , May 2015. The Two Faces of Essay The Nation of Brazil, Pre-University/K-12 Education Efforts , The Interface, August 2010. Why Should We Care About the Pedagogy We Use? , The Interface, August 2010. Virtual Laboratories: Enhancing Deep Learning in Model-based Knowledge Domains , IEEE Transactions on cry characters, Education, February 2008. Web-based Instruction: Doing Things Better and Doing Better Things , IEEE Transactions on Education, November 2005. Mathematics: Teaching, Assessment, and Accountability Using Technology , MultiMedia Internet @ Schools , September-October 2004.

Wearable Computers , MultiMedia Internet @ Schools , July-August 2004. Acquiring Weapons of Essay The Nation of Brazil, Mass Instruction , OnCue, Massachusetts Computer Using Educators, Inc., Spring 2004. Here's to dorothy allison Your Student's Health , MultiMedia Internet @ Schools , May-June 2004. Educational Pedagogy, Affective State, and about The Nation of Brazil, Learning (co-author), Proceedings of SITE 2004 (Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education), Atlanta, Georgia USA, March 2004. Emotions, Learning and don t cry characters, a Drama Model (co-author), Proceedings of LearnTec 2004, Karlsruhe, Germany, February 2004. Multimedia Didactics: eLearning and Emotions (co-author), Proceedings of LearnTec 2004, Karlsruhe, Germany, February 2004. Cognition, Affective State and Essay The Nation of Brazil, Teaching Deep Reasoning (co-author), Proceedings of the International Conference on Cognition and dorothy allison, Neural Systems, Boston, May 2003.

Analytical Models of Emotions, Learning and Essay of Brazil, Their Relationships (co-author), Proceedings of the International Conference on Virtual Worlds and Metaphors, Simulations (VWSIM'03), International Society for Modeling and Simulation, Orlando, Florida, USA, January 2003. Experiences with Civility and the Role of a Social Contract in Virtual Communities (co-author), Proceedings of the American Association of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Fall Workshops, North Falmouth, Mass. USA, November 2002. A Pedagogical Model for about The Nation of Brazil Teaching Scientific Domain Knowledge (co-author), Proceedings of the IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Boston, Mass. Warriors Don T! USA November 2002. Emotional Scaffolding in an Intelligent Tutoring System (co-author), International Conference on Essay about The Nation, Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI'02), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania USA, October, 2002.

Cognition and Metaphors and Conceptual Systems Essay, Affective State , Proceedings of the Essay about The Nation of Brazil, International Conference on Metaphors and Conceptual, Cognition and Neural Systems (ICCNS) , Boston, May 2002. Restructuring Educational Pedagogy: A Model For Deep Change (co-author), Proceedings of of Brazil, Pathways to characteristics Change Conference, Alexandria, Virginia USA, April 2002. Models of Emotions and Learning (co-author), Proceedings of the International Conference on Virtual Worlds and Simulations (VWSIM'02), San Antonio, Texas USA January 2002. A pedagogical model for about The Nation teaching scientific domain knowledge (with Barry Kort), Proceedings of the literature, Frontiers in Essay The Nation Education, Boston, Mass. 2002. An Affective Module for an Intelligent Tutoring System (with Barry Kort), Intelligent Tutoring Systems 6th International Conference, ITS 2002, Biarritz, France and San Sebastian, Spain, June 2-7, 2002. Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor That Listens Increases Student Persistence (with Gregory Aist, Barry Kort, Rosalind Picard), Intelligent Tutoring Systems, 6th International Conference, ITS 2002, Biarritz, France and San Sebastian, Spain, June 2-7, 2002. Experimentally Augmenting an Intelligent Tutoring System with Human-Supplied Capabilities: Adding Human-Provided Emotional Scaffolding to an Automated Reading Tutor that Listens (with Gregory Aist, Barry Kort, Rosalind Picard, Jack Mostow), 4th IEEE International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2002), 14-16 October 2002, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Theories for Deep Change in Affect-sensitive Cognitive Machines: A Constructivist Model. (with Barry Kort), Education Technology and Society, January 2002. Establishing rules and conventions for the infrastructure: the'Tragedy of the unmanaged commons' as a determinate factor (with Barry Kort), Proceedings.

IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, February 2001. An Affective Model of the psychic, Interplay Between Emotions and Essay of Brazil, Learning (co-author), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference of who is for making policy, Advanced Learning Technologies, pp. 43-46, Madison, Wisconsin USA, August 2001. Students as Technology Support Staff , Proceedings of the 2001 Computers in Essay about of Brazil Libraries Conference, Washington, D.C., USA, March 2000. Director , EdNet@UMass — leadership and management of the University of dorothy psychic, Massachusetts School of Education's Web based professional development mechanism serving approximately 2,000 subscribers—see www.umass.edu/ednet (1995-2001). Member, Information Technology Council's Policy Sub-Committee , University of Essay The Nation, Massachusetts —conceptualizing issues and crafting policy for the University of Massachusetts system-wide committee to establish technology policy for the five campuses (1994-1998). A Founding Director of K12Net — imagining what an Essay on-line professional development system would be like and then creating it. The Nation! K12Net is gone now—replaced by australia imports, the Internet.

But it was the about, 43 k12 UseNet newsgroups and literature characteristics, the 'K12NET' echo areas on Essay about The Nation, FidoNet, which was a worldwide dial-up store-and-forward communication network. K12Net was dedicated to curricular conversations and does australia imports, the conduct of about The Nation of Brazil, on-line projects, teacher exchanges, and professional development (1984-1994). Board of Trustees , Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts, North Adams, Massachusetts USA, 2017-present. School Committee Member , Northern Berkshire Vocational Technical High School (a.k.a., McCann Technical High School), North Adams, Massachusetts USA (2012-present) Moderator (presiding officer of the who is responsible for making, town's legislative body), Town of Lanesborough, Massachusetts USA (elected position, 2005-present, 1992-2003) Board of about The Nation, Directors , Massachusetts Moderators Association (2016-present, 1998-2003) Governor's Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee , Commonwealth of responsible for making us foreign policy, Massachusetts USA (2011-2013, 1999-2003)

US Army , 1966-1969 (active duty) — Honorable Discharge — 249th General Hospital, 50th Signal Bn.

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10 mistakes that could ruin your resume. The goal of a resume is to let a potential employer know why you're the best person for the job. Here are 10 practices that impede that goal. There is Essay about The Nation, one goal for your resume: To show a potential employer why you are the best person for the job. However, there are so many things that can get in the way of what should be a clear message. Here are ten of the most common mistakes made in postmodernism characteristics, resumes. This may be one of the of Brazil most difficult concepts for job hunters to grasp, but your resume is not something you create for yourself . You create it, format it, and organize it so that it's easy for Metaphors Systems, a hiring manager to gauge your fit with the job he or she is Essay about of Brazil, offering.

It's important to tailor your resume to each job you apply to. I promise you, no hiring manager is going to study your resume for does australia, specifics that would apply to the job at Essay about of Brazil hand. Allison Psychic. Your resume has to of Brazil make them obvious. For example, if you're applying for warriors don t, a project manager position, highlight any experience and accomplishments that show your expertise in project management, even if you have to switch to a functional resume format to do it. While the bulk of about of Brazil, your work experience may be in tech support, it's really not applicable to blue eyed brown experiment the job at hand, so don't concentrate on the day-to-day minutiae. Concentrate instead on those instances where you demonstrated leadership, ingenuity, and organizational skills. Essay The Nation. Hiring executives have a low threshold for resume bloopers. A study on dorothy psychic, working.com claims that one out of Essay about The Nation, four executives will toss a resume into the wastebasket if they spot a typo. Postmodernism. But sometimes even the about most careful people can miss a typo or two.

Here are some tips for making sure you're sending out postmodernism characteristics pristine copies of about of Brazil, your resume: Enlist detail-oriented family members, friends, or mentors to dorothy proofread your resume and provide honest feedback. Take a timeout. Before submitting your resume, take a break and come back to it with a fresh set of eyes. You might catch something you missed the The Nation of Brazil first time. Print a copy. It's easy to who is responsible for making policy overlook typos or formatting mistakes when reading a resume on a monitor, so print it out for review. Try a new perspective. Sometimes readers inadvertently skip over The Nation of Brazil parts they have read previously. Review your resume backward to what does australia help avoid this problem. You can read it from bottom to top, or from the right side of a line to the left.

This takes away the mental expectation that sometimes tricks us into thinking a word is Essay The Nation, spelled correctly, etc. Blue Brown Experiment. Read it out loud. This can also help you find phrases that don't make sense. There are all kinds of opinions as to how long a resume should be. Most people say to about The Nation of Brazil keep it to one page, but many people say that two pages are OK, particularly if you have 10 or more years of experience related to your goal or you need space to list and prove your technical knowledge.

Either way, the goal is to keep your resume lean yet meaningful. List only your selling points that are relevant to eyed brown experiment the job at hand and let go of Essay about The Nation, some details that have no bearing on your current goal. Dorothy Psychic. You may have become proficient in Windows NT in a previous job, but it's not something that would have a bearing on a job today. 4. Your resume is not very readable. Never underestimate resume formatting. Consider that some hiring managers have to Essay about The Nation of Brazil look through hundreds of resumes for each job opening. Also consider that those employers will usually take, at most, only thirty-five seconds to look at a one-page resume before deciding whether to who is responsible for making keep or discard it. Essay About The Nation Of Brazil. You should design your resume so that employers can read the document easily and what does, process information quickly. To judge the formatting of your resume, ask yourself these questions: Am I using too many fonts?

It's best to stick to one or two fonts. You can vary the size and about The Nation, add bold if necessary to make headings stand out but don't go overboard. You don't want your resume to look like a ransom note built out of newspaper clippings. Am I overdoing the emphasis thing? As I said in the previous point, you can create emphasis by using bold , italics, underlining, etc. However, you don't want to warriors don t cry characters mix methods or overuse them. You would not, for example, want to CAPITALIZE, ITALICIZE, AND UNDERLINE pieces of text. It's overkill and hard on the eyes. Is there too much text on the page? There's nothing more intimidating to a reviewer than blocks of about The Nation of Brazil, dense text on a resume. Here are some things to keep in mind: Set your margins at about 1-inch all around, use bulleted points to break up paragraphs of text that list your accomplishments, and postmodernism characteristics, make sure your sections are distinct.

Don't be afraid of white space! If you have to choose between crammed-in text and an extra resume page, go with the Essay about The Nation latter. You can see in Figure A how much more readable the list of accomplishments are when put into blue eyed experiment bullets separated by white space. 5. Your name appears in the Word header . Your name should appear prominently at about the top of your resume, but even though it looks kind of cool, avoid using Word's header feature for this information. (Using Word's header feature will make your name appear automatically at the top of every page of your resume.) The problem is a lot of scanning software used by blue eyed brown experiment HR departments won't work on headers and footers so your resume could get lost in Essay, the shuffle. 6. Your resume doesn't include keywords. It's an unfortunate fact of who is responsible for making us foreign policy, life that many organizations use scanning software (mentioned above) when vetting resumes. This is often done as the preliminary step in Essay about The Nation of Brazil, weeding out any people whose qualifications and experience don't match the job being filled. Psychic. So be very sure that you pepper your resume with relevant keywords.

That is to say, don't use one in every sentence and don't use keywords that you don't have experience with just for the sake of sneaking in under the radar. Sooner or later you'll have to own up. About Of Brazil. The actual job description is the best starting place for blue eyed brown eyed experiment, finding relevant keywords. 7. You list your experience instead of your accomplishments. First of all, never use expressions such as Duties included or Responsibilities included. These lists outline only what was in your job description; they don't say whether you did them well or not.

And they don't show how you stood out from the other people in your company who were doing the same things. To help rewrite your responsibilities to accomplishments, try asking yourself: What special things did I do to Essay about The Nation of Brazil set myself apart? How did I do the what imports job better or differently than anyone else? What did I do to make it my own? What were some problems or challenges that I faced? How did I solve or overcome those problems? What were the results of my efforts?

How did the company benefit from my performance? For example, did it make or save money or save time? It might help to use an about of Brazil, accomplishment tracker template like this one available from TechRepublic. 8. Postmodernism. You use vague verbs and subjective adjectives. Avoid, at all costs, those abstract verb phrases like Assisted with. or Handled. or Managed. Those phrases can mean almost anything. Every time you're tempted with one of those phrases, ask yourself How ? How did you assist with something? What exactly did you do? Also, try using more dynamic words like constructed, coordinated, determined, established, executed, etc. On the about of Brazil same ticket, it is very easy to say you skillfully completed some task or that you have extraordinary people skills.

But unless you can back those statements up with concrete evidence, it's just you saying something good about who is, yourself. So explain why your task completion was skillful. Did it come in under budget and within time restraints? What evidence do you have of your great people skills? Did you get recognized for this in some way? Were you assigned more end users than other staffers?

Any detail that you can offer in The Nation, explanation will help. 9. Your resume is like all the others. We're not saying that you should make yourself stand out by formatting your entire resume in eyed, a cursive font. We're saying that, since you're a tech pro, a prospective employer is probably going to expect something a little more advanced. Toward this goal consider: Including a link to your online portfolio.

Online portfolios can be anything from a blog or a website, to a dedicated solution (something that's just a portfolio, without any of the Essay about The Nation extra stuff). Make it something that loads fast, is visually professional, and showcases your accomplishments, mission statement, career progression, and responsible for making policy, leadership aptitude. Before you put the link in your resume, ask yourself how well the Essay The Nation site answers questions any potential employers might have about you. Adding a QR code. A QR (quick-response) code is a two-dimensional, barcode-like image that, once scanned, directs potential employers to carefully selected, customized web pages for more information about warriors cry characters, a job seeker. Essay About The Nation Of Brazil. It's a tech-savvy way to postmodernism illustrate your strengths. 10. You lie/exaggerate on your resume. Decision makers routinely conduct background checks and online research to verify a resume.

And sometimes what they find out can embarrass you down the line; a lesson learned the hard way by former CEO Scott Thompson. At the very least, don't claim education that you don't have. But you should also be careful about exaggerating any experience you have. It could take only a few targeted questions in an interview to reveal your deception. Toni Bowers is Essay about The Nation, Managing Editor of postmodernism, TechRepublic and is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. She has edited newsletters, books, and web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues.

Toni Bowers is Managing Editor of TechRepublic and about The Nation of Brazil, is the award-winning blogger of the Career Management blog. She has edited newsletters, books, and web sites pertaining to software, IT career, and IT management issues. Does Australia. We deliver the top business tech news stories about the companies, the about of Brazil people, and the products revolutionizing the planet. Our editors highlight the TechRepublic articles, galleries, and videos that you absolutely cannot miss to stay current on the latest IT news, innovations, and tips.

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comparation essay A TRADUO LITERRIA:UM CAMPO INTERDISCIPLINAR. Alba Olmi (USCS/RS) A traduo “feliz” aquela que, embora mantendo inevitveis diferenas com o original, preserva a energia do seu imaginrio, ativando-a num contexto histrico especfico, vencendo o tempo, a distncia ideolgica, epistmica e cultural, produzindo aquela emoo que deriva do dilogo tornado possvel entre indivduos diversos, lnguas, culturas, pocas e povos. Na diversificao das abordagens tradutrias da obra literria, toma forma e ganha peso o enfoque orientado para o texto-alvo (TA), conforme Toury (1980, 1981, 1982, 1984) e Lefevere (1970, 1971, 1982, 1983, 1992, 1993), cuja justificativa assenta na teoria da recepo e coloca em relativo segundo plano o original, posto que a obra traduzida se situaria no contexto da lngua e da cultura-alvo. Essay The Nation? As teorias tradicionais, que enfocam o texto-fonte (TF) como ponto de partida, pareceriam, portanto, inadequadas, para alguns tericos, porque centradas no autor e na obra, levando em conta apenas o valor intrnseco da obra, em detrimento dos polissistemas literrios e da importncia da traduo no incremento e na renovao da literatura como um todo. A qualidade de uma traduo. Defendemos que no campo da anlise tradutria parece haver lugar para uma enfoque de cunho estilstico, centrado no TF que, embora no negue a validade das teorias que privilegiam o TA, demonstra ser capaz de dar conta de diversos aspectos envolvidos na traduo e de desmentir, pelo menos em parte, a crtica que se faz hoje a esse tipo de abordagem. A estilstica comparada, sustentada pela teoria e pela crtica da traduo, demonstrou-se um procedimento-instrumento adequado para a avaliao da traduo literria, proporcionando tambm o surgimento de propostas alternativas, com o intuito de desvendar alguns processos tradutrios e, dessa forma, sugerir caminhos para uma melhoria da traduo literria. A literalidade, a fidelidade ao TF, consideradas por muitos tericos as vils da histria da traduo, em determinado tipo de texto, tendo em vista determinado objetivo, e seguindo determinada metodologia, podem revelar-se uma opo vivel que deve ser considerada, e no descartada a priori. A abordagem orientada para o TF.

Tendo em vista que ainda no se “construiu” um modelo definitivo, e sobretudo operacional, para a traduo literria, a minha proposta a de uma abordagem lingisticamente orientada. Postmodernism Literature? Nesse enfoque, o TF, sua estrutura lingstico-textual e seu potencial significativo em vrios nveis, incluindo o nvel do contexto situacional numa estrutura sistmica, considerado como o mais importante e, inclusive, fator constitutivo da traduo. Embora essa abordagem tenha sido criticada por diversos tericos, segundo observa House (1997:16-24), por considerarem que dessa forma se focaliza apenas um aspecto da traduo, ou seja, o aspecto semntico, no se pode negar que a abordagem lingstico-textual capaz de cobrir tanto o carter semntico quanto o pragmtico; tanto o sociocomunicativo como tambm o discursivo. Por essa razo, ao analisar os aspectos estilsticos que envolvem a conotao - mas tambm a denotao - parece possvel dar conta de aspectos estritamente relacionados ao estilo e, ao mesmo tempo, analisar aspectos sociolingsticos com funo pragmtica que o texto literrio pode deixar filtrar - sutil ou claramente - atravs das funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e pelas eventuais variantes de registro presentes na narrativa, dependendo do contexto e da situao narrativa, ou pela fala dos personagens, pelas intenes implcitas nas suas falas ou comportamentos. Na teoria da traduo literria, e portanto na anlise do texto literrio, em sua descrio/avaliao, os pressupostos pragmticos e sociolingsticos parecem importantes, pois estabelecem a relao entre forma e funo dentro de um contexto. Essay The Nation Of Brazil? Temos assim a dimenso semntica e pragmtica imbricadas entre si, auxiliando na compreenso dos significados explcitos e dos implcitos do enunciado (Ducrot, 1977) e, conseqentemente, na avaliao de sua equivalncia tradutria. A possibilidade de alcanar objetivos comunicativos pelos implcitos do enunciado parece constituir-se num dos universais da linguagem, sendo portanto passveis de “traduo”, embora sua performance e interpretao estejam sujeitas a diversas condies, desde os universais at eyed eyed experiment, a cultura e linguagem/lngua especfica. Essay About Of Brazil? De modo que a qualidade da traduo de um ato de fala implcito estar ligada natureza das condies que subjazem a seu desempenho e interpretao. Blum-Kulka (1981: 89-95) apresenta uma proposta para o estudo da traduo, ao sugerir que a teoria dos atos de fala seja aplicada tanto teoria como ao estudo da traduo, posto que o ato tradutrio pode ser visto tambm como uma tentativa de alcanar um desempenho satisfatrio dos atos de fala, para que haja equivalncia de significado.

Ampliando a teoria de Austin (1974) para o mbito do texto, a autora enfatiza o fato de que qualquer elocuo - seja oral ou escrita - desempenha trs atos ao mesmo tempo: o ato locutrio, o ilocutrio e o perlocutrio. Allison? Por isso, sustenta a autora, na tentativa de encontrar “igualdade de significado”, a traduo torna-se uma tentativa de “re-executar atos locutrios e ilocutrios que devero ter (isso, de fato, embora desejvel, ocorre muito raramente) a mesma fora ou o mesmo efeito perlocutrio que tero na lngua-alvo sobre os destinatrios, como ocorreu na lngua-fonte.” A autora acrescenta que “Uma teoria adequada da traduo deveria tentar formular as condies que estipulam a realizao bem-sucedida (ou no bem-sucedida) desses atos de fala na traduo” (id., ibid., p.89-90). Essay About Of Brazil? A verdadeira equivalncia se daria assim por meio da interpretao do tradutor que consegue extrair de cada realidade dada, de cada experincia, de cada leitura, algo mais, algo novo, que ainda precisa desenvolver-se e crescer. Allison? Essa seria a garantia de uma traduo “criativamente fiel”. About The Nation Of Brazil? Diante da amplitude do processo tradutrio, que abrange todos os nveis discursivos, ser preciso fazer uma breve retomada do conceito de equivalncia funcional. Equivalncia funcional e tipologias textuais. O conceito de “equivalncia” entre o texto traduzido e o original sempre foi e continua sendo o problema central da traduo tanto no campo terico como na prxis. Metaphors Systems? A questo cardinal, qual se tentou e se continua tentando responder de forma definitiva, interessa e preocupa no somente os estudiosos da atualidade, mas procede j da velha distino entre traduo literal e traduo livre. The Nation Of Brazil? Ela procura desvendar a natureza da relao que se deve estabelecer entre o aspecto “produto” e o aspecto “processo” que lhe deu origem.

Para explicar qual dos dois aspectos supracitados preciso enfrentar, as correspondncias lingsticas, limitadas estrutura de superfcie dos segmentos textuais da LF, demonstraram-se inadequadas e/ou limitadas. Warriors Cry Characters? De fato, o conceito de equivalncia no de natureza esttica e definitiva, mas relativo e dinmico. Ivir (1981:51-59) considera que, embora a correspondncia formal e a equivalncia em traduo pertenam a atividades diferenciadas, e a reas e disciplinas lingsticas diversas, elas se relacionam e so por isso necessrias tanto no mbito tradutrio como tambm na anlise contrastiva. Essay About Of Brazil? A argumentao de Ivir baseia-se no fato de que correspondncia formal e equivalncia tradutria representam muito mais do que mera terminologia, posto que discutir correspondncia formal implica discutir unidades lingsticas na traduo e o papel da lingstica na teoria da traduo, ao passo que, em se tratando de equivalncia tradutria em relao anlise contrastiva, a discusso se desloca para o campo da anlise contrastiva. Brown Experiment? Para o autor, o conceito de equivalncia depender da orientao que se tenha da traduo. Essay? Se o enfoque for what does australia voltado traduo como resultado ou produto, diante de dois textos, um dos quais a traduo do outro, poder-se-ia concluir que a traduo, conforme Catford, citado por Ivir, a mera transferncia de material textual de uma lngua-fonte (LF) para o material equivalente na lngua-alvo” (LA). Nesse enfoque, argumenta Ivir, tanto a equivalncia como a traduo assumem um carter esttico que leva a concluir que para cada unidade lingstica do TF (ou de um fragmento do TF) existe um equivalente no TA, e cabe ao tradutor encontrar essa unidade, donde decorre a necessidade de diferenciar tipologias textuais e suas caractersticas nas diferentes lnguas (id., ibid., p.51-52). Parece evidente que o enfoque de Catford no se coaduna com o de Ivir.

Conforme este autor, para obter-se uma outra viso de equivalncia preciso atentar para seu carter dinmico, vendo a traduo como processo e no como resultado. Essay About The Nation? Nesse caso a traduo se constituiria na substituio de mensagens de uma lngua para outra, a fim de reproduzir no destinatrio a forma de equivalncia mais prxima da mensagem contida no TF, de acordo com a teoria de Nida e de Nida e Taber (1964, 1969). Characteristics? Nessa abordagem revela-se o aspecto comunicativo e dinmico da traduo que envolve emissor e destinatrio, adquirindo relevo as mensagens. Essay? O que permanece constante, portanto equivalente, no o texto em questo, mas a mensagem (ou mensagens) e “ a essas mensagens que os participantes [do processo comunicativo] voltam a cada etapa do processo [. Does Australia Imports? ]” (1969: 52). Ao levar em conta os aspectos comunicativos e os lingsticos, e sendo estes ltimos de natureza contrastiva, Ivir v a equivalncia como um produto derivado do “contraste entre as formas realizadas textualmente pelo TF e a LA e a realizao comunicativa dos contedos extralingsticos do original na LA” (id., ibid., p.59). Num trabalho posterior, Ivir (1996:155) evidencia a relatividade inerente relao de equivalncia, afirmando que “a equivalncia relativa, no absoluta, ela emerge do contexto e da situao definidos pelo inter-jogo de todos os fatores descritos aqui, e no possui existncia fora desse contexto; em particular, [ . Essay The Nation Of Brazil? ] no definido a priori por um algoritmo que converte as unidades da LF em unidades da LA.” Ivir evidencia assim uma clara retomada de seus posicionamentos anteriores que estabelecem a equivalncia em nvel de mensagens e em nvel de ato comunicativo, e no em nvel de unidades lingsticas. Bell (1991:3-30), por sua vez, apresenta importantes pontos de contato com Koller (1995) e Etkind (1967), ao sustentar que textos em lnguas diferentes podem receber um certo grau de equivalncia no plano semntico, sinttico, estilstico e pragmtico, de acordo com o segmento textual que o tradutor pretende considerar (palavra, sintagma nominal ou verbal, frase, pargrafo, texto) e do tipo de texto que ele est traduzindo. A relatividade do conceito de equivalncia, no entanto, deve ser relacionada no s ao tipo de escolha/deciso individual de cada tradutor, mas tambm ao ambiente sociocultural no qual ele opera, posto que a lngua um fenmeno varivel, que sofre as presses da sociedade, por ser sistema arbitrrio e tambm convencional, portanto sujeito a mudanas. nesse sentido que se pode (ou se deve) interpretar a “equivalncia na diferena” postulada por Jakobson, para quem, assim como numa mesma lngua a sinonmia no significa equivalncia absoluta entre dois termos, tambm a equivalncia tradutria no corresponde necessariamente a uma equivalncia plena do contedo semntico, posto que cdigos lingsticos diferentes podem conceituar uma mesma realidade extra-lingstica de forma diferente. Who Is Responsible Us Foreign? Jakobson (1959:232-239) fornece o exemplo da palavra “queijo” e do seu heternimo russo syr (significando tambm queijo).

Aparentemente sinnimos, os dois vocbulos no correspondem semanticamente, posto que syr obtido pela coagulao do leite somente quando se usa um fermento especial, ao passo que o “queijo” qualquer tipo de produto derivado do leite coagulado, com ou sem o acrscimo de coagulante. Essay About The Nation Of Brazil? Parece evidente que, enquanto Jakobson aborda o problema da equivalncia sob o ngulo estritamente lingstico, a abordagem de E. Metaphors? Nida (1964) de cunho essencialmente comunicativo. About The Nation? Em sua traduo da Bblia, Nida opera uma distino entre “equivalncia formal” e “equivalncia dinmica”, esta alicerada no princpio do “efeito equivalente” no leitor do TA. Australia? Uma posio criticada por House entre outros, como G. About Of Brazil? Toury, que no v como esse efeito possa ser testado no enfoque denominado Response-Oriented, Behavioural Approaches to postmodernism literature characteristics, Evaluating Translations. Apesar dos problemas que as orientaes de Nida apresentam, possvel afirmar, argumenta Federica Scarpa, que elas representam um passo importante para o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria, pelo menos por dois motivos: “em primeiro lugar, a antiga dicotomia traduo literal versus traduo livre substituda pela dicotomia fidelidade ao autor versus fidelidade ao destinatrio; em segundo lugar, ao introduzir a variante dos efeitos sobre o destinatrio, na equivalncia dinmica, Nida confere uma dimenso pragmtica ao processo da traduo” (Scarpa, 1997:4). About Of Brazil? Em outras palavras, o tradutor se v pressionado por uma escolha/deciso voltada equivalncia formal, em nvel semntico-referencial, ou equivalncia funcional, em nvel comunicativo e pragmtico (ou em ambos os nveis). Who Is? A diferena parece importante, porque no primeiro caso o contexto excludo, enquanto no segundo caso o contexto essencial: surge assim uma linha divisria entre lngua como cdigo e lngua como sistema comunicativo. Se levarmos em conta, junto ao conceito de equivalncia, o de funo (ou funcionalidade) e contexto, talvez seja necessrio relembrar esses conceitos em vista da diferena de objetivos que caracterizou as duas grandes linhas na histria da lingstica do sculo XX: a) a linha formalista, cujo objetivo o estudo da lngua como forma, sistema, fora do seu contexto de uso, e. b) a linha funcional - representada pelo Crculo de Praga, e ainda por Firth, Halliday, entre outros - preocupada com a funo sociocultural da lngua enquanto instrumento que evoluiu para satisfazer as necessidades comunicativas concretas de seus usurios, que devem ser interpretadas em seu contexto extralingstico (que inclui, portanto, uma situao). Dessa dicotomia que nasce uma realidade situacional e contextual cujo efeito condicionante sobre o significado de importncia cardinal no processo tradutrio, e suas variveis devero ser consideradas pelo tradutor em suas escolhas: contedo, inteno, momento, nvel, lugar e participantes do ato comunicativo.

Teremos assim a equivalncia como adequao situao e ao contexto lingstico e extra-lingstico. O conceito de equivalncia funcional constituiu o princpio fundamental para a abordagem da traduo adotado por House (1997, op. The Nation? cit.). Dorothy Psychic? A autora considera o texto traduzido equivalente ao original se este preencher a mesma funo (ou funes), e uma traduo ser adequada quando semntica e pragmaticamente equivalente a seu original, ou seja, quando apresentar a aderncia mais prxima possvel ao significado e funo do TF. A transferncia do valor comunicativo e situacional/contextual do TF para o TA ocorreria exclusivamente no tipo de traduo que a autora denomina covert , isto , um texto no-marcado do ponto de vista pragmtico, posto que receber na cultura-alvo o mesmo status que teria se tivesse sido criado na LA. About Of Brazil? Na traduo manifesta, evidente, overt , pelo contrrio, a equivalncia funcional stricto sensu seria praticamente impossvel, devido s diferenas socioculturais entre os destinatrios das duas lnguas, que, quando muito amplas, so difceis de ser preenchidas, razo pela qual preciso recorrer a adaptaes de diversos nveis. O modelo housiano, embasado na equivalncia funcional, possui o mrito de ter indicado a direo que o debate sobre a equivalncia tradutria tomou nesta dcada. And Conceptual Systems? A proeminncia do objetivo da traduo, s vezes em detrimento da inteno comunicativa do TF, retomada e ampliada por Hatim e Mason (1998), segundo os quais o nvel de interveno do tradutor depende em grande escala das exigncias dos destinatrios. About The Nation Of Brazil? O mrito desses autores terem aliado traduo as ramificaes da Lingstica que sustentam a traduo, conferindo-lhe no apenas o status de trabalho tcnico, mas tambm uma dimenso social e pragmtica. uma orientao lingstica semelhante que encontramos em Bell (1991), Gutt (1991) e Baker (1992), os quais colocam a traduo na perspectiva de uma ampla concepo integrada de pesquisas lingsticas recentes na sociolingstica, na teoria dos atos de fala, na anlise do discurso e na pragmtica.

Esse enfoque, embora no trate explicitamente da avaliao da traduo, se torna potencialmente vlido para essa finalidade, conforme argumenta House (1997, op. Literature Characteristics? cit., p.19). Essay About The Nation? De fato, a linha encabeada por Hatim e Mason, Bell, Gutt e Baker extrai a essncia de diversas e complexas reas recentes da lingstica, ampliando o conceito tradicional de intertextualidade para a cadeia intertextual, isto , para aquelas relaes referenciais cuja coerncia constri o conhecimento para alm do texto. Dorothy Allison Psychic? O que Baker argumenta sobre o enfoque de Hatim e Mason que a abordagem dos estudiosos da Universidade de Edimburgo, embora teoricamente vlida, pode ser bastante difcil de aplicar, posto que a nfase excessiva no texto e no contexto pode levar a ignorar o fato de que, embora um texto seja uma unidade semntica e no gramatical, os significados se realizam atravs do wordings , e sem uma teoria baseada no wordings , no h como tornar explcita a interpretao dos significados de um texto. A distino de House entre traduo encoberta ( covert ) e manifesta ( overt ) abre caminho para que Gutt (1991:54-57) estabelea sua diferenciao entre “uso descritivo” e “uso interpretativo”. About The Nation? Para Gutt, no primeiro caso, a relao entre TA e TF incidental e no tem grande importncia para o sucesso da traduo (por exemplo no discurso publicitrio e na traduo tcnica), ao passo que no uso interpretativo do TF a semelhana entre TA e o original extremamente importante, razo pela qual necessrio que o TA mantenha a equivalncia com o contedo semntico e com o estilo do TF. Tomando emprestada essa distino entre semelhana interpretativa e descritiva da teoria psicolgica da pertinncia ou relevncia, que visa a explicar a comunicao em termos de interao entre contexto, estmulo e interpretao, Scarpa (1997, op. Dorothy Allison Psychic? cit., p.9) infere que Gutt considera a traduo como uma aplicao da teoria da pertinncia. About? Dessa forma, fica evidente que para Gutt um TA deve possuir sua prpria pertinncia e no pode, pelo contrrio, “ser pertinente apenas em virtude de sua semelhana interpretativa com o TF.”

A dissidncia entre Gutt e House reside basicamente na abordagem da equivalncia funcional: a permanncia da mesma funo na passagem de um texto a outro (TF para TA). Responsible? Na opinio de Gutt, a manuteno da funo no garante que a traduo seja equivalente em termos funcionais, porque, na passagem de uma lngua a outra, as funes textuais so variveis enquanto dependem do objetivo da comunicao. A posio de Gutt, claramente propensa ao uso interpretativo como base da traduo, e fortemente impregnada pela teoria da relevncia, considerada por House demasiado genrica e muito estreita, pois essa tentativa, afirma House (1997, op.cit., p.20-21) , incorpora a teoria da traduo teoria cognitivo-comunicacional e, por outro lado, se alinha basicamente com a abordagem orientada para o destinatrio. Sejam quais forem as posies tericas do momento, evidente que os conceitos situacional e cultural parecem ter-se tornado centrais na discusso do processo tradutrio, e nesses conceitos que o debate sobre equivalncia funcional est embasado. Essay Of Brazil? A discusso no pode, pois, prescindir de uma abordagem que leve em considerao os modelos funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson que possuem aquela agilidade necessria para determinar as tipologias textuais com base nas funes lingsticas predominantes que se realizam na atualizao da linguagem. Psychic? A atividade do tradutor ter assim parmetros suficientemente cientficos para tomar suas decises e fazer suas escolhas: traduo literal ou livre, orientada ao leitor, orientada ao texto, orientada ao cdigo, etc. Essay The Nation Of Brazil? Por outro lado, a avaliao da traduo poder valer-se com proveito desses parmetros, considerando categorias ou tipologias textuais, a partir das quais ser possvel alcanar uma equivalncia relativizada, isto , relacionada ao tipo de texto em questo, entre outros fatores. Embora considerando que, em sua grande maioria, os textos de gneros diversos no possuem claras e absolutas delimitaes e portanto podem apresentar sobreposies, haver sempre a possibilidade de definir qual ou quais so as funes da linguagem predominantes no texto e dessa forma detectar a intencionalidade do texto. Eyed? Portanto, tendo em vista um determinado objetivo tradutrio, ser possvel proceder s escolhas adequadas para alcanar a equivalncia que, embora podendo ser formal, no exclui a funcional. About Of Brazil? De fato, as tipologias textuais funcionais, centradas na funo de um texto, em dado contexto situacional, permitem decidir quais sero as diversas metodologias tradutrias. a K. Metaphors And Conceptual? Reiss (1981) que devemos o mrito da adoo do tipo de classificao textual embasada nas trs macrofunes de K. About The Nation? Bhler.

Partindo do tipo de texto, Reiss prope os critrios da traduo, a fim de alcanar a equivalncia necessria e adequada. Blue Brown Eyed Experiment? Para o texto expressivo, centrado na funo expressiva de Blher, (funo emotiva de Jakobson), em que a forma, sua dimenso estilstica e esttica predominam, haver critrios diferentes dos que se aplicam a um texto conativo, por exemplo, centrado na persuaso, ao passo que o texto informativo (referencial) ser centrado no contedo (o referente). Em relao tipologia de Reiss, a classificao textual realizada por Newmark (1988), embora tambm pautada em Bhler, acrescenta e integra as funes de Jakobson, mantendo-lhe no entanto o mesmo esprito, e se apresenta mais flexvel, posto que a sua abordagem da traduo no considera o texto como um bloco monoltico: o texto possui a multifuncionalidade. Essay About Of Brazil? Em outras palavras, a maioria dos textos realiza as trs macrofunes buhlerianas, embora haja uma dominante. Brown Eyed Experiment? De fato, sabemos que as funes dialogam entre si, no texto, e uma rgida hierarquia no pode ser estabelecida de forma absoluta. A contribuio de Newmark vai alm da identificao da funo dominante do texto - para a finalidade da anlise textual - com vistas traduo, considerando tambm a inteno do autor, o tipo de destinatrio e o contexto de origem do TF e do TA, e ainda o estilo, relacionado ao tom do texto. The Nation? Tendo em vista que em nvel programtico Newmark pretende fornecer solues concretas para os problemas que o tradutor tem que enfrentar, utilizando em sua atividade tambm os instrumentos da anlise comparativa entre diversas lnguas, que lhe so oferecidos pela estilstica comparada, ele detalha a estreita relao entre a tipologia textual e os traos lingsticos que o definem. Eyed Eyed? Por exemplo, o emprego no convencional da lngua, caracterizado pelas expresses metafricas criativas, pelos neologismos, arcasmos, uma sintaxe de exceo ou uma pontuao ousada, anticonvencional, configuram claramente o elemento expressivo (emotivo, pessoal) de um texto. Com a finalidade de relacionar os tipos de texto s diversas intervenes/decises/escolhas do tradutor, Newmark utiliza duas metodologias de traduo: a) semntica, realizada tendo em vista o autor do TF e sua linguagem, adequada aos textos expressivos; b) comunicativa, realizada tendo em mente o destinatrio e adequada aos textos informativos e conativos. Essay The Nation Of Brazil? Segundo Scarpa, “as caractersticas que diferenciam os dois plos, representados pelas duas metodologias, representam sem dvida a contribuio terica mais original de Newmark disciplina da traduo” (Scarpa, op.cit., p.18).

Afinada com a posio de Newmark, a traduo dos textos expressivos ter como unidade e centralidade a expresso lingstica, a palavra, porque nesse nvel que esto contidas as nuanas de significado to blue brown eyed, relevantes para esse tipo de texto, e a abordagem dever ser semntica para dar conta desses valores e alcanar a equivalncia funcional mais prxima do original e, portanto, mais adequada. A tarefa da teoria e da crtica da traduo. De acordo com Popovic (1973:161-165), a tarefa da teoria colocar disposio do tradutor e de seu crtico instrues utilizveis e um aparato que especifique a atividade da crtica da traduo em relao sua finalidade original, isto, , pragmtica. Essay About Of Brazil? O autor observa que na prtica tradutria existem duas formas bsicas de crtica: uma crtica que trabalha sobre um modelo direto e a crtica que se realiza sem o original de uma traduo. Para Popovic, a autntica crtica da traduo, que corresponde aos princpios de uma teoria da traduo, a que trabalha a obra que o crtico tem realmente em mos. What Australia? Trata-se, segundo a classificao do autor, de uma “funo analtica” da traduo, que se relaciona diretamente ao texto.

Por funo analtica da crtica da traduo, Popovic entende “uma complexa anlise do estilo, na busca de um tertium comparationis entre original e traduo”, para verificar at Essay The Nation of Brazil, que ponto o tradutor compreendeu a linguagem do modelo original, tendo por rbitro desse aspecto a lingstica contrastiva ou a lingstica da traduo. A “funco postuladora”, por outro lado, segundo Popovic compreende a escolha de textos para a traduo e est relacionada ao tradutor, enquanto a “funo operativa” orienta-se para o receptor (leitor), constituindo-se num fator importante para a naturalizao de uma obra oferecida recepo do leitor [meus grifos]. O confronto e a anlise avaliativa da traduo pode partir de uma perspectiva prevalentemente emprica, pautada na funo analtica de Popovic, nos postulados funcionais de Bhler e Jakobson - elaborados e aperfeioados por Newmark, nos postulados da estilstica comparada e na anlise dos atos de fala, atravs dos quais foram observados os complexos fenmenos da traduo literria. Dorothy Allison? Alm das questes tericas, ser necessrio que se privilegiem os problemas da prxis hermenutica concreta, buscando descrever as tcnicas e os procedimentos formais prprios de uma atividade interlingstica aplicada ao texto literrio, tentando resgatar o que ele possui de estilstico, de pragmtico e de funcional; como esses aspectos “reagem” na traduo e quais foram os recursos utilizados pelos tradutores para preserv-los, isto , qual foi a formulao de sua potica, devido importncia das funes que eles desempenham. Posto que a crtica da traduo se movimenta nos vrios nveis das operaes tradutrias, em funo dessa mobilidade no se poder realizar tudo numa crtica: alguns aspectos recebero mais relevncia, ao passo que outros ficaro subsumidos. Essay? Conforme Popovic, concretamente, isso significa que a crtica dever subordinar suas informaes organizao da expresso do original e da traduo, bem como suas instrues para o leitor, funo esperada de uma determinada traduo dentro do contexto da evoluo e do leitor da obra [. What? ] (id., ibid., p.164). AUSTIN, John L. The Nation Of Brazil? Quando dire fare. Us Foreign Policy? Torino: Marietti, 1974.

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